AGUILAR, GRACE (1816–1847), English author of Portuguese Marrano extraction, who wrote a number of novels on Jewish themes and some religious works addressed primarily to Jewish women. Her first book was a volume of poems, The Magic Wreath, which she published anonymously when she was only 19. Her truly creative period, however, began in 1842, and in the five years until her death at the age of 31 her literary output was remarkable, particularly because at the same time, although very ill, she was helping her mother run a private school at Hackney (outside London). Most of Grace Aguilar's books were not published until after her death. Her novel Home Influence (1847), "a tale for mothers and daughters," and its sequel, Mother's Recompense (1851), had considerable success, but it was The Days of Bruce (1852), a romance set in 14th-century Scotland, that made her famous. The best known of her Jewish novels was The Vale of Cedars (1850), a romantic, highly idealized picture of the Marranos in Spain. Twice translated into German and twice into Hebrew, it long retained popularity. She also wrote stories and sketches based on Jewish life and family traditions. In a more serious vein, she translated from French the apologetic work of the ex-Marrano, orobio de castro , Israel Defended (1838). She herself wrote The Spirit of Judaism: In Defense of Her Faith and Its Professors (1842), and The Jewish Faith (1846). The latter took the form of letters addressed to a friend wavering in her religious conviction. Her Women of Israel (1845) was a series of biographical sketches of biblical characters, intended to arouse the pride of young Jews in their heritage. Grace Aguilar was one of the first English Jews to attempt to write a history of the Jews in England; it appeared in Chambers' Miscellany (1847). She died while on a visit to Germany. Her collected works, in eight volumes, appeared in 1861. In recent years there has been a considerable revival of interest in Aguilar, who wrote from the unusual, marginal position of a female Jewish intellectual in Victorian Britain. A collection of her selected writings was published in 2003, edited by Michael Galchinsky. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: A.S. Isaacs, Young Champion, One Year in Grace Aguilar's Girlhood (1933); Abrahams, in: JHSET, 16 (1945–51), 137–48; JC Supplement (July 27, 1930); F. Modder, Jew in the Literature of England (1939), 182–7; DN B, S.V. S.Aguilar, "Memoir," prefixed to Home Influence (1849). ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: M. Galchinsky, The Origins of the Modern Jewish Woman Writer: Romance and Reform in Victorian England (1996); idem. (ed.), Grace Aguilar: Selected Writings (2003); ODNB. (Cecil Roth)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Aguilar, Grace — (1816–47)    English writer. Of Portuguese Marrano descent, Grace Aguilar concentrated on Jewish themes. Her first book of poetry, TheMagic Wreath (1835), was published anonymously. Among her best known works are The Spirit of Judaism (1842),… …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • Aguilar, Grace — ▪ British author born June 2, 1816, London, Eng. died Sept. 16, 1847, Frankfurt am Main [Germany]       poet, novelist, and writer on Jewish history and religion, best known for her numerous sentimental novels of domestic life, especially for… …   Universalium

  • Aguilar, Grace — (1816 47)    English writer. She was born in London. In 1842 she published The Spirit of Judaism: In Defence of her Faith and its Professors. Her Records of Israel: Two Tales and Women of Israel presented idealized pictures of Jewish life in… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • AGUILAR, GRACE —    a Jewess, born at Hackney; authoress of Magic Wreath, Home Influence, Vale of Cedars ; of a delicate constitution, died young (1816 1847) …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Aguilar, Grace — (1816 1847)    Novelist and writer on Jewish history and religion, was b. at Hackney of Jewish parents of Spanish descent. She was delicate from childhood, and early showed great interest in history, especially Jewish. The death of her f. threw… …   Short biographical dictionary of English literature

  • Grace Aguilar — (* 2. Juni 1816 in London; † 16. September 1847 in Frankfurt am Main) war eine englische Schriftstellerin sephardischer[1] Abstammung. Neben Romanen schrieb sie Essays und Artikel zu geschichtlichen Themen, insb …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Grace Aguilar — Représentation de Grace Aguilar Grace Aguilar (Juin 1816 16 septembre 1847), romancière et écrivaine sur l histoire et la religion juives, est née à Hackney en Angleterre de parents juifs d origine portugaise. Dès sa jeunesse, Grace est une e …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Grace Aguilar — Esbozo de Grace Aguilar. Grace Aguilar (junio de 1816 – 16 de septiembre de 1847) fue una novelista y escritora sobre la historia y religión judía inglesa. Nacida en Londres, en el distrito de Hackney, de padres con ascendenc …   Wikipedia Español

  • Grace Aguilar — (June 1816 ndash; September 16 1847), an English novelist and writer on Jewish history and religion, was born in Hackney of Jewish parents of Portuguese descent. She was delicate from childhood, and early showed great interest in history,… …   Wikipedia

  • Aguilar — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Abel Enrique Aguilar (* 1985), kolumbianischer Fußballspieler Alessandra Aguilar (* 1978), spanische Langstreckenläuferin Alonso González Aguilar, Bischof von León 1613 bis 1615 Andreas Aguilar (* 1962),… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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